Sports and exercise injury

In Singapore, approximately 5-10 % of active athlete and an estimated higher proportion of general population involved in recreational sports activities, may have sports related every year. This means a projected 100,000-200,000 sports related injuries are seen yearly.

In countries which have higher sports participation rate, such as Australia, the sports related injury rate is even higher. Every year, over one million Australians are injured during sport or recreational activity and over 500,000 people will report a long-term condition resulting from a sporting injury.

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SPORTS & EXERCISE INJURY

WHAT IS SPORTS AND EXERCISE INJURY?

Is sport, physical activity and exercise part of your daily life? Do you keep fit or train to improve your performance? Are you an athlete where an injury can impact on your career?

The health benefits of sport and exercise are well known. However, insufficient care or precaution taken during sporting activities may result in Sports Injury. Sports injury is the damage or harm to a person’s body that results from sport, physical activity and exercise. The most common injuries are to the back, elbows, knees and ankles.

CAUSES OF SPORTS & EXERCISE INJURY

Sports and exercise injury can be caused by contact between people and objects. A hard, impactful collision may cause soft tissue injury or bruising.
It may be the due to an awkward, twisted landing, such as an ankle sprain or it may also result from overuse of a particular joint, e,g, the elbow injury from a racket game or knee injury from jogging.

Such injuries can occur suddenly, from clearly identifiable events or the causes of an injury may not be known. In any case, it is important to address both the cause of the injury and the pain.

SHORT AND LONG-TERM INJURIES

ACUTE INJURY
IMMEDIATE

An injury that occurs suddenly, often as the result of the body experiencing an irregular impact, movement or positioning.

Signs of an acute injury can include:

  • Sudden, severe pain
  • Swelling, discolouration or bruising
  • Muscle spasm
  • Inability to hold weight
  • Limited mobility
  • limb weakness
  • Visible distortion or displacement

SUB-ACUTE INJURY
RECURRENT

The injury starts to heal but is subjected to additional strains before the injury has completely recovered.

An injury in this stage may cause:

  • Pain at sporadic intervals
  • Bruising without any noticeable impact incidents
  • Gradually decreasing range of movement
  • Mild but persistent swelling and/or inflammation
  • Discomfort resulting from otherwise regular, mild activity or movement.

CHRONIC INJURY
OVERUSE

An injury that occurred some time ago, but appears to be healing very slowly, or not at all – the pain is ongoing.

Signs of a chronic injury:

  • Persistent pain after sufficient or a period of rest
  • Pain when performing even the most basic activities
  • Limbs freezing up or locking into place
  • Notable changes in the way we move or position ourselves when resting or being still